Amnesty International urgent action appeal to
prevent Ghulam Haider's extradition
AI Index: ASA
04 June 2008
UA 156/08 Forcible
Ghulam Haider (m), aged 29
Pakistani national Ghulam Haider is facing
extradition to Iran, where he would risk being tortured or sentenced
to death. This is believed to be a case of mistaken identity, as the
deportation order names an Iranian national, Abdul Hameed Regi Shifa.
The man named in the extradition order is to be
handed over to Iranian government representative in Quetta within 15
days of being taken in custody. He is supposed to have "kidnapped
some Iranian nationals," but the order gives no further details.
The authorities have served the order upon Ghulam Haider,
insisting that he is actually Abdul Hameed Regi Shifa.
He is already serving a one-year sentence in Quetta
Jail: he was convicted in January this year of not having a licence
for his gun. The court convicted him as a Pakistani national,
and verified his name and nationality.
Ghulam Haiderís lawyer has told Amnesty International
that his client is a Pakistani national, a member of the Raissani
tribe of Balochistan, and has never been to Iran. He has all the
necessary documents to prove this: his national identity card and
passport as well as the special certificate issued to the local
tribes of Balochistan.
Iran has an extradition agreement with Pakistan.
Under Pakistan's Extradition Act 1972, there has to be an inquiry by
a magistrate to determine the validity of each extradition request.
Ghulam Haider's lawyer has told Amnesty International that such an
inquiry took place, but he has not been shown the report and does
not know its contents.
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited Pakistan on 28
April. Since then a number of people have been detained to be
deported to Iran. The Iranian government has requested the
extradition of six members of a tribal militant group it claims are
"CIA spies." These six men were taken into custody by the Pakistani
authorities in the second half of May.
Under Iranian law, the accused has no right to legal
representation before being formally charged. Torture is routinely
used to extract confessions. The range of offences punishable by
death is extraordinarily large. Among them are vaguely worded
charges such as "enmity against God" and "being corrupt on earth,"
which includes spying. Amnesty International has recorded scores of
unfair trials in Iran. In 2007 at least 335 people were executed.
Pakistan is a state party to the UN Convention
Against Torture and Other Cruel, inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
Punishment, which expressly prohibits the return of anyone to a
country where they would be at risk of torture.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as
quickly as possible, in English, Urdu or your own language:
- expressing concern that the Pakistani authorities
are preparing to deport Ghulam Haider to Iran on an extradition
request in the name of Iranian national Abdul Hameed Regi Shifa;
- pointing out that if deported to Iran, Ghulam
Haider would be in grave danger of torture or execution;
- reminding the authorities that, as a state party to
the UN Convention Against Torture, they have undertaken not to send
anyone to a country where they would be at risk of torture;
- urging them not to deport Ghulam Haider.
Farooq H. Naek
Minister of Law, Justice and Human Rights
Room 305, S-Block,
Pakistan Secretariat, Islamabad, Pakistan
Fax : +92 51
Salutation: Dear Minister
Advisor / Minister for Interior
Room 404, 4th Floor, R Block,
Fax: +92 51
Salutation: Dear Mr Malik
diplomatic representatives of Pakistan accredited to
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY.
Check with the International Secretariat, or your section office, if
sending appeals after 16 July 2008.
ديده بان حقوق بشر بلوچستان
Balochistan Human Rights Watch / Radio
یکشنبه، 12 خرداد ماه 1387 برابر با 2008-06-01
توضيح: اين نامه به "آمنستي اينترنشنال "و ديگر سازمانهاي حقوق بشري
فرستاده شده است
Human Rights Watch